This Updated Version Features More Photos, and Now Has Sound Samples
And Many New Links for the Tenth Anniversary of its Posting, July 2011
About the montage: The author in 1975 and 2007 (both at Camp Woody, Alaska) Background:
a shirt that Debbie decorated in 1975, with Tim’s original 1971“guitar flower”. Look
for it in many of the photos!
Introduction to the Tenth Anniversary Edition
I was right in the thick of the Jesus People revival in Kodiak, Alaska
in the early 1970’s, as song leader and Bible study leader at Camp Woody and at the
coffee house in Kodiak. Now that it is four decades since those days, this article
takes another look back. My purpose is to weigh the legacy of that great revival,
not to wallow in nostalgia. I write this as a “witness to these things” and to seek
a great revival and renewal such as the one that we experienced. My contribution
then was largely musical, so I’ve included sound samples to help tell the story.
Perhaps read the article first, then follow any links that look interesting.
A Culture in Turmoil
It was a time of great disillusionment for many of us. A series of our
adored, youthful national leaders had been murdered, scenes of their demise seared
into our memories by the full-color coverage of the national press. Nearly everyone
knew someone who had died or come home wounded, psychologically or physically, from
an unpopular and demoralizing war. We were surrounded by (or participants in) the
drug scene and the free love scene, to the pounding beat of rebellious rock and roll.
The turn of the decade in 1970 saw many of us on the edge of either a new cause to
follow or a quick slide into total self-destruction.
No one could escape the widespread sense that our culture and our country
was in big trouble, and even those who lived in isolated corners of the country sensed
the need for something new, something dramatic. I couldn’t have been much more isolated:
I was a boarding high school student living in Kodiak, Alaska, a town that had one
weak TV station, that had frequently delayed mail runs on account of bad weather.
But the local Naval Base and the constant influx of fishermen and workers from the
“Lower 48” (or “Outside,” the more common local term) brought the culture and its
woes to us. The smell of “weed” was common wherever young people gathered on Kodiak
streets, and the town’s own homegrown hard-drinking ways brought its own sense of
despair. The town had more bars than churches in those days, and when the fishing
fleet was in port, drunks littered the docks and sidewalks.
Born and raised in church: “little Timmy Smith” in photos taken from both sides of
the little chapel in Larsen Bay where my parents were missionaries. As a child,
I learned church culture backwards and forwards. Unfortunately, the counter-culture
kids of the 1960’s and 1970’s were not interested in anything the old-style church
was trying to say.
Sound sample: “He’s Everything to Me”A pre-Jesus People praise chorus sung by Junior
High camp girls with Joyce Smith playing the pump organ seen in the above photo
Those of us raised in “the Church,” (the established community of believers,
replete with its own establishment culture) as I was, felt that it was out of touch.
Not much that went on there specifically addressed what we were going through. Friends
were facing the crippling consequences of promiscuity and the “high life”. We faced
the danger of being drafted and sent to die in some jungle. All that many in the
Church seemed capable of in response was to shrilly warn us of the dangers of playing
cards, dancing and listening to music with a “jungle beat”. These sermons were delivered
to a soundtrack of simple little ditties played on accordions by people with piled
up hair and polyester suits. At least that’s the way it seemed to a lot of us, and
for those raised outside “the Church” it must have seemed even worse.
Jesus People? In Kodiak?
We began to get word of a new leader, someone who, like the others we
had lost, had been executed by his enemies. But this leader was different, we were
told; this one was alive again, and even more intriguing, was soon to return. At
first the revolution started slowly. For me, it was through a Bible study that grew
out of the summer camp, and sometime in the spring of 1970 started to catch fire.
Instead of a handful of kids who had been to Camp Woody, we suddenly had over eighty,
including quite a few young Navy men. We moved across town to the basement of a large
church, and still kept growing. As high school students, we began to shrug off lunch
in favor of going to a church across the street to pray. We brought our Bibles to
school, spoke openly of our faith, and took on a kind of purposeful exuberance. The
world was in trouble, there was an answer, that answer was a person, and we had met
Mr. And Mrs. Gilbreath in their home in 1971. Nina Gilbreath was from the old-school
church, but she saw something in our revival, and prayed with us and for us. She
was a spiritual anchor for us, and a major force behind our street witnessing, and
even the songs we sang, by putting us in touch with the Spokane Jesus People community
that published the “Truth Paper.” The family told me that as she was bedridden and
soon to go to Glory, she listened frequently to tapes of our singing.
There was soon a name for what we were: some people in the media were
calling this a national movement, and called us “Jesus People.” Nevertheless, we
still felt outside the culture. In the eyes of many of our peers, we had simply sold
out to the polyester and accordion people. We may have been fervent, but we were
far from cool. We needed a way to relate to these people at their level, from within
the youth culture. A way was definitely provided, from a most unlikely source. An
old Russian immigrant, a former island missionary named Nina Gilbreath, felt led
to join us in our meetings. She sat in the back, outside the circle, and prayed for
us. She never argued when we went overboard, she never pointed any fingers as so
many in the regular churches were doing; she simply prayed with us and for us. But
someone gave her a copy of the “Truth Paper,” from the Jesus People of Spokane. When
she ordered copies to show us, we were awestruck to realize how much of what we were
experiencing was happening elsewhere. We had not been consciously imitating anyone.
We came to realize that God was touching people all over the country in similar
The masthead and a cover illustration from the “Truth Paper,” published by Voice
of Elijah Ministries in Spokane, Washington.
We ordered bundles of the “Truth Papers,” and a new ministry was born.
Soon every Saturday, rain or shine, freezing or soggy, we were out in front of the
bars and stores of downtown Kodiak, passing out “Truth Papers” to appreciative and
non-appreciative alike. The papers would set up a conversation with the recipient,
and we would eagerly share the what, why (and specifically the Who) of what we were
up to. We adopted the language of the movement, with “Praise the Lord!” and “Amen,
brother!” replacing the more conventional phrases, and the One Way sign (uplifted
index finger) replacing a wave. Hugs replaced handshakes, and uplifted faces and
hands replaced bowed heads in prayer services. But whatever street culture we were
adopting or creating, it was really nothing at all to stop in a restaurant, street
corner or wherever and pray for someone, or to start praising God and lifting our
hands whenever someone shared an answered prayer. Because we were so outgoing in
our expressions of faith, we also found fellowship in the oddest places, for frequently
a cannery worker from Idaho or Kansas or California would recognize us as fellow
believers and join our fellowship, sharing the songs and testimonies from their Jesus
Meanwhile, Nina Gilbreath did something else with her Truth Paper: she
ordered copies of the Wilson McKinley Jesus Rock group’s first LP. She gave one to
me, and the LP’s circulated around amongst the Jesus People. The result was astonishing.
It was as though we were suddenly given God’s permission to sing in the loud, rhythmic,
insistent language of our generation. For seemingly the first time in many generations,
Christian music actually fit the times.
A graphic (in negative) of some of the original tan and black hand-stenciled artwork
from the Wilson McKinley’s first Jesus Rock album, “On Stage”. Recorded in 1970,
it reached Kodiak in early 1971. Although rough and unpolished, the LP greatly encouraged
us. We begin singing as many new Jesus People songs as we could find, and sharing
them in our meetings and out on the street.
A sound sample of the Wilson McKinley: “You Gotta Hear About My Friend”Click on
the Wilson McKinley link at the bottom of this article to reach their web page at
tanignak.com and read the story of their amazing ten-year street ministry. (Sound
samples and CD’s too)
The songs of other Christian Rock artists soon found their way into circulation.
We started singing Larry Norman tunes like “I Wish We'd All Been Ready” and “Sweet,
Sweet Song of Salvation” everywhere we went. We added music to our street meetings,
and would regularly go down to the ferry dock to meet the Alaska Marine Highway ferry,
the M/V Tustumena, and sing for the passengers. One of the many Navy guys who had
discovered our fellowship, a talented singer and guitarist by the name of John Hicks,
began writing cool songs that we could sing and not be embarrassed about. “Clap Your
Hands” was an especially peppy one that we liked to do down on the ferry dock:
“...So now as you listen to me sing this song,
Just let yourself go, come on and join along.
He's standin’ here waitin’ with His arms open wide,
You and I can walk together side by side.
So clap your hands, clap your hands,
Clap your hands and sing Hallelujah!”
(John Hicks, 1971)
Sound sample: “Clap Your Hands”by John Hicks, sung by John, Larry Shelton and Tim
Smith, July 1971, at Camp Woody. That’s me on the oil-can bass and weak third harmony.
The author (with guitar) and some of the Jesus People in a home meeting (with Oscar
the dog!), and singing for the passengers on the M/V Tustumena (both from the summer
The author (left) with John Hicks; John with Larry Shelton (a volunteer from California);
John playing my guitar. Notice the famous “guitar flower” seen in the opening logo!
The author passing out “Truth Papers” (see inset - that issue quoted an article about
the Jesus People from the Oregon Statesman) and singing for a street meeting in the
spring of 1971.
Larry Shelton (left) and Tim Smith (on oil can bass) sing for the campers at Camp
Woody, while John Hicks (in blue shirt, center right) looks on. July 1971
John Hicks, Larry Shelton and Tim Smith (my first vocal lead) sing a snatch of the
song (learned from the Wilson McKinley) followed by a sample of my version from the
2000 Stone Table String Band CD, “The Love and the Mercy” (available at this site)
My 1975 version of a John Hicks song, with brother Kelly on bass, and the 1976 title
cut from my Spanish praise album, with John Hicks’ lyrics translated by David Johnson
, a missionary kid who grew up in Ecuador. The “Por Eso Es Que Canto” CD is available
at this site.
For sound samples (and some complete versions) of all the rest of John’s songs, use
the “Always Jesus People” Soundtrack Page link. (Many more samples and photos!)
In the summer of 1971, as many of us as could do so attended or volunteered
at Camp Woody, and the revival kicked into high gear. Several California volunteers
brought songs straight from the original Calvary Chapel. But our own community of
young believers kept on finding new songs of our own. John Hicks wrote a total of
seven songs, all sincere and singable, which we immediately pressed into service.
One of the adult prayer groups in town taught us a bunch of scripture songs, and
a group of Catholic Charismatics contributed meaningful folk songs as well. In one
summer Camp Woody’s culture changed from silly camp songs (and beautiful folk hymns,
it must be added) into a hub of Contemporary Christian music. We sang our new songs
after every meal, at every worship service, and at every campfire, changing the atmosphere
to one of near-constant worship and praise. No wonder so many young people were
greatly moved and inspired in those days!
I noticed with some amazement that the revival we were experiencing had
a positive effect on the adults. We soon saw many supportive older believers join
our fellowship, and even give us guidance. My parents, Rev. Norman and Joyce Smith,
longtime village missionaries, were among them. They loved the Scripture songs and
expressive praise, and as leaders at Camp Woody, allowed the Spirit to move in new
and exciting ways. (One of the surefire characteristics of revival is the breaking
down of generational barriers). As the group Love Song sang, “...Long hair, short
hair, some coats and ties, people finally coming around!” Many adults in Kodiak were
experiencing revival of their own as a result of the influence of the Charismatic
Renewal, and when adults and children met (such as at Camp Woody) the results were
electrifying. Suddenly we had so much to learn from each other! I believe our revival
carried through most of the 70’s as a result of this amazing fellowship of young
and old that the Spirit clearly brought about. “We are one in the Spirit, we are
one in the Lord!”
Maturing: “The Open Door” Coffeehouse and J. C. and Company Rock Band
Alaska’s first Jesus Rock band, the “J. C. and Company” from Abbot Loop Community
Church in Anchorage, lead a march for Jesus and a lakeside baptism in August, 1972.
The young man being baptized by Mike Premo (the band’s preacher) and Ken Covey of
“The Open Door” is my brother Kelly.
One of the great challenges after the season at Camp Woody had always
been to keep the revival fires burning in the cold and dreary Alaskan winter. Other
adults, such as Ken and Diane Covey, put money and reputation on the line to rent
us a place to hang out, and “The Open Door” coffee house and bookstore was born.
We had a place to meet, a sense of support from the adults, and of course a steady
supply of the latest in Christian music and materials, thanks to the bookstore. I
doubt that many of us realize the sacrifice that family made for us. For example,
in the summer of 1972, “The Open Door” helped host the first Alaskan Jesus band,
“J. C. & Company” from Anchorage. There were concerts at the amphitheater and at
the youth center, and even a Jesus March from “The Open Door” to a lake at Fort Abercrombie,
where many people were baptized. Ken Covey assisted the band’s preacher, Mike Premo.
One of the kids baptized was my brother Kelly, now a worship leader at his church
in Homer, Alaska. Kodiak had never seen anything like it! The “J. C.& Company” was
a huge encouragement to the community of believers in Kodiak, and we immediately
incorporated some of their songs into our impressive collection of “Alaskan Jesus
Sound sample: “Psalm 47” (Sing Praises) sung by J. C. and Company (from a poorly-dubbed
cassette called “Come On Inside” released by the band.)
Sound sample of J. C. and Company: “Any Day”from their self-produced cassette
For sound samples of more of J. C. and Company’s songs, including some of our cover
versions, use the “Always Jesus People” Soundtrack Page link. (Many more samples!)
Going Deeper: Lives Transformed
Some truly amazing things began to happen at a personal level, and lives
were changed. Many of the events recorded in the early Church became commonplace
occurrences. And a new emphasis on living for Jesus made us new and different in
a way we had never dreamed possible. I remember one time when a Navy man named Paul
brought a paper bag to the Bible study, and afterwards asked us to walk down to the
dock with him. He walked to the edge of the dock, said a prayer of thanksgiving,
and dumped his stash of hashish into the bay. But for many others, myself included,
our big decision was equally miraculous: we did not give up on “the Church!” We found
the truth there to be more vital and more Biblical than we had remembered it being,
and were gradually accepted, scraggly hair, jeans and all, when the others saw our
sincere love for God and our desire to know His Word.
Across the country, similar things were happening, because this was a
genuine move of God, and not just a passing fad. Others who once called themselves
Jesus People not only stayed in “the Church,” but helped to transform it. You can
find the influence of the Jesus People every time you hear a praise chorus with guitars,
a Christian song with a beat, or a sermon that is mostly Scripture yet explained
in a down-to-earth way. Every time you see a renewed emphasis on evangelism and on
the imminent return of Jesus, every time there is a tendency to take the teaching
of the Word more seriously than the prevailing dress code, all of that can be traced
directly to the influence of Jesus People. They were absorbed by “the Church,” and
in the process, helped to transform it.
There were always problems, as any popular movement will experience. Some
people were only “Jesus Tripping” and fell by the wayside when the going got tough
or when holy living was too tough a choice. Other folks from the movement got sidetracked
following experiences and phenomena, and became easy pickings for cultists. Some
returned to their old lives when the “Jesus fad” faded after a couple of years. Some
allowed their vision and calling to become commercialized, prepackaged and diluted.
(For example, there’s hardly any similarity between the Contemporary Christian Music
Industry and the rough-edged sounds we regularly produced!) But for many others,
there was a genuine revival that not only swept wide across the country, but went
deep into their hearts. I often wonder why so many of the people who were young a
decade or so before me are so anti-Christian and have so passionately absorbed the
philosophies of the Left. My only answer is that they never saw a genuine move of
God in their generation. We certainly did, and we were forever captured, not by a
trend or a fad, but by a move of God.
Tim and Kelly Smith, 1975, 1976. We had the great privilege of being the worship
leaders at Camp Woody from 1972 to 1976. Kelly went on to be the worship minister
at an Anchorage church for years, and now ministers in Homer, Alaska when work permits.
Below are examples of our song leading over the years.
Sound sample: “That’s a Start” (1973) We learned this from the group Phoenix Sonshine.
Sound sample: “Lift Jesus Higher” (1974) This poor recording still captures an energetic
group of high school kids, complete with harmonies and echoes. This was from one
of our typical after-dinner sings around the tables, and this group came up with
Sound sample: “Seek and Ye Shall Find!” (1975) The younger kids (in this case 5th
and 6th-graders) were not to be outdone, and invented clever hand motions for this
one. We spontaneously created this last verse.
For stories and photos of many people who influenced us and sound samples of our
best songs, use the “Always Jesus People” Soundtrack Page link. (Lots more!)
Trials, Growth, and Change
All who tasted the revival and stayed true to the Spirit have likely
been tempted or tested frequently in their walk with Jesus. Once, when a couple of
very sincere cultists spoke to a youth meeting sponsored by the high school, I found
myself momentarily confused by his seemingly logical arguments. From a purely human
perspective, he seemed to have all his ducks in a row. I was wracking my brain for
the right words to say in reply. In the group was a brand new Christian, a young
lady who probably couldn’t put two verses together yet. She raised her hand and
piped up brightly, “Can you tell us about the blood of Jesus? What do you think of
what He did for us on the cross?” The cultists mumbled something about this being
a terrible tragedy, and about the loss of such an important soul. But they soon
stammered to silence when the young lady persisted in her question. She knew that
Jesus is alive. She felt that the empty words she had heard were unfathomably distant
from the fire and light of the power of the risen Christ that she had already begun
to experience in her own life.
As the cultists mumbled a few polite words of goodbye and left the meeting,
the words of Jesus sprang to my memory: “If you cannot believe my words, believe
me for the very works themselves.” I was both chastened and blessed by the fearless
witness of such a young believer; the Spirit had surely spoken through her. “The
very works themselves…” I had seen God at work, unmistakably, not only in my life,
but in countless others. Whatever anyone could try to say to the contrary, the Jesus
People discovered that Jesus is very real, and that He is alive and active today.
It is that firsthand knowledge that helped to transform a generation. And that is
the key to revival in any generation. Jesus is alive, salvation happens, truth lives;
Sound sample: “Psalm 73 (Whom Have I in Heaven)” (1976) I wrote this song in response
to the struggles and challenges I was going through at the time. It was recorded
with my brother Kelly in the dining hall at Camp Woody in 1976, between camps.
In 1998, 2006, and 2007, I had the privilege of standing in my father’s footprints
(sometimes literally, as in the above photos) as pastor at Camp Woody. It was a
coming full circle, back to where I had grown so much as a young man. The color
photo is from 2006, and the inset is of Rev. Norman Smith (my father) at the same
spot in 1967
Two photos from 1998: Mike Mooney (left) and I leading singing in the chapel / I’m
standing to the right of the cross at Upper Inspiration Point, Camp Woody, Alaska,
giving the evening message. (Camp Woody collection photos) Mike and I later collaborated
on the album, “The Love and the Mercy” (available here)
Sound sample: “Great and Marvelous” (1998, led by Tim) Both recordings feature the
natural ambience of the old chapel at Camp Woody. Camps are too large to use it
now, and have used the old rec hall since 1999. A new chapel is under construction
as of 2011
Epilogue: Always Jesus People
God does not allow us to keep manna overnight. His blessings are new
every morning (and in every generation). What God has done in the past should always
be remembered as a way of building our faith, not as a formula to be bottled. That
is why God instructed the Israelites to build an altar of remembrance as soon as
they crossed the Jordan, but to move beyond it into a new land. That is why I write
this remembrance of God’s great acts in my generation, so those who never saw what
we saw may seek God’s presence afresh in their generation. Then they will be inspired
to reach their world and their generation. It will look different this time, as our
movement was different than anything the parents and church leaders had ever seen.
And yet it will be the “selfsame Spirit,” to borrow Paul’s phrase. Any genuine
move of God will have the same effect on the hearts of His people. Revival will
result in increased obedience, increased hunger for God’s unchanging Word, and increased,
amazing blessing. But around the edges it might look pretty weird to us older folks,
much as our revival must have seemed weird to Nina Gilbreath back in 1971.
It has been forty years since many of the events depicted in this article.
But I am beginning to see in the young people of today the same energy, the same
selfless love of the Lord, the same sense of urgency that propelled us as “Jesus
People” so long ago. I see young people heading for mission fields near and far.
I see adults growing up and taking Jesus seriously, getting plugged into churches
that are as “right on” as any in history and yet are as “with it” as we ever were.
(Note the quotes; I obviously am hopelessly lost in my own generation’s lingo, but
you get the point!) I see a Church on the edge of revival, perhaps the last one
we get before the Great Return. I see a culture on the edge of official hatred of
all things Christian, and a government that, like Nebuchadnezzar, keeps asking us
to bow down to falsehoods. But above all, I see more and more people getting serious
with God and letting Jesus be their Lord.
That emphasis on a personal, living, transforming Lord is the true legacy
of the revival known as the Jesus Movement. Who were the Jesus People? Where are
they now? It is more proper to say, “Who ARE the Jesus People?” Anyone who finds
in Him a new cause to follow, a new Kingdom to build, a new power for living, and
a new hunger to share Jesus with others: this is a true “Jesus Person”, regardless
of his or her age or location on the map. One Way! Jesus is Coming!
Scenes of the Continuing Revival:
Young people gather for a prayer service on the beach on Woody Island in the summer
Sound sample: “The Love and the Mercy” (Tim Smith) Sung by the Stone Table String
Band (including on this track our daughter Kirstin) in 2000. Written and first sung
at Camp Woody, 1976. The song is a quiet call to become a Jesus Person.
From the top:
Tom Slipp (drummer for the Wilson McKinley) drew this cartoon in the “Truth Paper”
in 1975. Color ized.
Pomona First Baptist Church welcomes over 10,000 people to our Resurrection Sunday
celebration at the Fairplex racetrack in Pomona, California, 2010
The Montclair High School (California) “Cavaliers for Christ” witness during club
rush in the fall of 2010 and pray in preparation for Communion during Holy Week,
More Photos, Stories, and Sound Samples: Use the “Always Jesus People” Soundtrack
PageLink (Including my tributes to more of the people who influenced me...LOTS
of good stuff)
Links to Available CD’s:(thank you for supporting this site) Click on the logos below
for stories, sound samples and ordering information
When I went to college at Azusa Pacific University in the mid-1970’s, I met a lot
of great musicians, including the multi-talented instrumentalist Tim Frantz, and
wonderful singers like Raquel Pereda and Denise Daniel. I also got involved with
the school’s Mexicali Outreach, spending weeks at a time in little villages along
the border. The link to the right contains photos, stories, and sound samples from
the remarkable Mexicali Outreach ministry, which was the source and inspiration for
The CD collects the best of the songs we sang, restored from the original master
tapes in May of 2011. Several “Jesus People” songs were translated for us by Dave
Johnson, one of the Mexicali Outreach leaders. (click on logo for link and sound
The Wilson McKinley’s remarkable story, and all of their official CD re-releases,
are a major part of this web site. I am honored to have been instrumental in bringing
the story of their ten-year street ministry and pioneering Jesus Rock recordings
to a worldwide audience. This link takes you to their story, two pages of sound
samples, and CD ordering information. (click on logo for link and sound samples!)
Link to Mission Boat EvangelIndex Page (Kodiak Island voyages)
Ouzinkie, Alaska Articles Index Page (The village where I grew up)
Camp Woody Index Page(The story of my years there)
The author leads the singing at “The Open Door” coffee house in 1972 (with the “guitar
The Stone Table String Band is the “house band” of Tanignak.com, and is featured
in recordings that I have done with friends like Bruce Adams, my brother Kelly, my
wife Debbie, and others throughout the years.
The best recordings we have done over the years have now been re-released under the
Stone Table String Band name (now with 3 CD’s available) , and the official album
release of our touring band from 1999-2002 (with Mike Mooney, Dave Fortschneider,
and daughter Kirstin) is also available here. (click on logo for link and sound samples)