TruthTexts Luke Study: Chapter 6 Luke Study – Chapter 6

Written and Posted by Timothy Smith

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More Actions that Apply to Any Chapter:

• Choose a verse, phrase, or section from today’s study that spoke to you, and explain what it means, as if you were talking to a friend.

• Now think of any other verses in any other part of the Bible that reinforce what you learned (or teach a similar lesson). You could use an online Bible and do a word or topic search, if your Bible does not have study notes.

• Now apply what you’ve learned today to your own life. What will you do (start doing, keep doing, stop doing, or change) from reading and thinking about our study today?

• Pray, in your own words, asking God, through the power of the Holy Spirit, to help you remember what you’ve learned, and ask for the power to live more like Jesus.

Luke Chapter Six:

The Early Teaching Ministry of the Messiah

Thinking About Chapter Six:

If your Bible lists the references for parallel passages between the Gospels, you will notice that all of chapter 6 is also covered in Matthew, and three segments are also found in Mark. Yet Luke adds a few extra observations here and there that enrich our understanding. And we will be blessed by taking a closer look at the common themes of Christ’s early teaching ministry.

Jesus Encounters More Religious Opposition (Luke 6:1-5)

When Jesus healed the paralyzed man in chapter 5, the religious leaders came unglued. In these verses, the religious experts are fixated on the fact that some of the disciples walked through a wheat field and ate some of the grain on a Sabbath (which was forbidden “work” under the Law). To the religious leaders, nothing was higher than the Law given by Moses. And Jesus again expresses his true identity.

• What Old Testament example did Jesus give when he answered the religious leaders? In verse 5, Jesus says he is the Lord of the Sabbath, and higher than the Law. So who is he claiming to be?

More Sabbath Controversy (6:6-11)

Different Sabbath, same controversy: Jesus heals someone on the Sabbath, and the teachers of the law claim that is forbidden “work.”

• Jesus asks a question in verse 9. How does it help to explain his mission? What should we expect Jesus to do in our lives?

Jesus Chooses Twelve Disciples (Apostles) (6:12-19)

Following their culture, most of the disciples had two names (Like Simon Peter), which makes the list a bit confusing. A good study bible can sort that out for us. The Church’s definition of “Apostle” is one who witnessed Jesus after he rose from the dead. And the number twelve represent the twelve tribes of Israel. Once Jesus had chosen his disciples, he went about his mission with increased intensity.

• What did Jesus do the night before he called his disciples?

• What did Luke the doctor notice in verse 19?

The Messiah’s Early Public Messages (Luke 6:20-49)

The rest of chapter 6 is familiar to most believers because it is similar to Matthew’s famous “Sermon on the Mount.” The details indicate that Jesus preached similar themes in many different places. The sermon in Matthew was preached before Jesus had selected his disciples, and was delivered on a hillside. Luke’s version was preached on a “level place,” some time after Jesus chose his disciples.

The sermon includes a list of woes in 6:24-26 that Matthew does not.

• What was Jesus trying to tell his followers (us) in verse 26?

• (Luke 6:27-36) What are the rules for believers when people treat us as enemies? Why? (verse 35)

Look at Luke 6:37, the famous “judge not” passage that unbelievers often quote. But Jesus goes even further in verses 41-42.

• Compare verses 37 and 41 with Ephesians 4:32. What are two reasons why we should forgive (the opposite of judging)?

Only Luke records the beautifully descriptive verse 38 on the blessings of giving.

• What is a side effect in the lives of generous believers (verse 38)?

(deep dive) Paul said in 1 Cor. 11:1 to follow him as he follows Christ. I Timothy 4:12b says: “Be an example to show the believers how they should live. Show them by what you say, by the way you live, by your love, by your faith, and by your pure life.” (ERV)

• See Luke 6:39-40. How can we be like Jesus? What part should our ego play in this?

(deep dive) In Luke 6:43-45, Jesus is saying that we act the way we truly are. See I Samuel 16:7.

• How can we apply this to our daily lives? To social media?

Every Sunday School kid knows the story found in Luke 6:46-49. If we build our lives on obedience to God’s Word, we have stability and emotional security. But many people hear the Word, yet do not obey.

• What will happen to those who hear and do not obey?